& Gray ex Hook.) Small native tree or large shrub growing to 25-35 ft. high and 12-20 ft. wide. Click on a place name to … Left to right: Mostly certain these are Fremont Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) leaves from along the middle Missouri River (South Dakota? ), Quaking Aspen (Populus tremuloides) from the Tetons in Wyoming, and Black Cottonwood or a Black / Narrowleaf Cottonwood (Populus angustifolia) hybrid from the Great Basin National Park, Nevada. Also like willows, leaf buds contain salicin which is a powerful anti-inflamatory and pain-reducer. Flowers/Fruits: drooping catkins. Populus balsamifera ssp. It is one of the largest of some 40 species of Populus and is the tallest, fastest-growing hardwood in the western United States. 1985. It is known as a good light Related Species: White Poplar (Populus alba) Balsam Poplar (Populus balsamifera) Eastern Cottonwood (Populus deltoides) Bigtooth Aspen (Populus grandidentata) Black Poplar (Populus nigra) European Aspen (Populus tremula) Quaking Aspen (Populus tremuloides) Related Articles: The resin is used in medicine and perfume. The name of another New Mexican town, Alamogordo, means “the fat cottonwood tree.” Economic uses of the black cottonwood include course lumber and the manufacture of wood products such as paper. Black Cottonwood USDA POBAT: Bella Coola Drug, Pulmonary Aid Infusion of buds and animal fat taken for whooping cough. Color/Appearance: Often completely black, with little or no discernible grain. Biomass production in a 4-year plantation. The pale yellow sapwood is usually very thin, and is clearly demarcated from the darker heartwood. Prunus emarginata Bitter Cherry. Ethnobotany Black cottonwood resin has disinfectant properties and has been used by Coast Salish people for sore throats and coughs as well as being applied directly to wounds to prevent infection. Ref… Both Cottonwood Trees and Willow Trees produce their own rooting hormone, called auxin. This condensed list of western Washington plants was created by Scott Clay-Poole, PhD. Photo by Charles Webber, California Academy of Science. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 1 1: 1 18-1 23. , AND R. F. STETTLER. Cottonwood Populus balsamifera This is one of my all time favorite resin buds to infuse. Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics (STEM), Center on Reinventing Public Education (CRPE), http://www.calflora.net/bloomingplants/blackcottonwood.html, https://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/cs_pobat.pdf, http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/taxon.php?Taxon=Populus%20trichocarpa. 11. The bark is rough and dark-colored, thus “black cottonwood”. Willows The Willow Family– Salicaceae Salix sp. The Fremont Cottonwood, also known as the Western Cottonwood or the Rio Grande Cottonwood, Populus fremontii, occurs in California east to Utah and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico. Black cottonwood is a Pacific Northwest native deciduous tree which can eventually grow to a height of 150’ with a width of 40’. Here in the Pacific Northwest, Native Americans utilized an incredible diversity of trees for edible cambium including Western Hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla), Sitka Spruce (Picea sitchensis), Bigleaf Maple (Acer macrophyllum), Red Alder, Lodgepole Pine, Quaking Aspen (Populus tremuloides), and Black Cottonwood.The air alighting with Cottonwood down is a pretty dramatic phenological … Distribution: Widely distributed tree in western North America, Alaska to California, as far east as North Dakota. The wood is also used for fuel. Also like willows, leaf buds contain salicin which is a powerful anti-inflamatory and pain-reducer. The cottony seeds are often seen drifting in a summer breeze, giving the tree its common name of Cottonwood. Photo by Susan McDougal. balsamifera. Leaf shapes can vary between diamond or heart-shaped with a finely serrated margin. Cottonwood is a well-known, common tree along rivers and streams throughout the West.Cultivation of hybrid poplars (Populus trichocarpa x. P. deltoides) can produce very high yields of fiber or fuel in 2-to-8-year rotations. bears. Native Americans and herbal products companies use the resin for medicinal purposes as well, particularly for respiratory ailments. Although the flowers are inconspicuous,this species is well known for its fuzzy fruits, which during spring and early summer float down from the trees, creating the appearance of a light warm-season snowfall. Ethnobotany Black cottonwood resin has disinfectant properties and has been used by Coast Salish people for sore throats and coughs as well as being applied directly to wounds to prevent infection. trichocarpa. sow bear looks out of her winter hibernation hole high up in a broken off cottonwood tree and watches a raven that is squawking nearby. Black Cottonwood contains a large amount of rooting hormone, just like willows, so it is useful for plant propagation. This article was written by Jessica Rouske and Sarah Verlinde. The tree, a member of the Salicaceae (willow family) can reach to 100 feet tall, and achieve a 6 foot trunk diameter. Collection and study from a 2016 road trip. Plants of the Pacific Northwest Coast: Washington, Oregon, British Columbia and Alaska. The light weight, fine, and evenly textured wood is one of the popular lumber types for the manufacturing of boxes and pallets. Black cottonwood also has been planted as windbreaks and shelterbelts and it is commonly used for screening along motorways in Europe. trichocarpa; photos by Heidi Bohan) The amazing smell of these barks, roots and buds as they are gathered and prepared are each so distinctive, each with their own medicine. Populus balsamifera ssp. Black cottonwood catkins. For questions regarding the UWB/CC Plant Tour, contact Sarah at severlin@uw.edu. 2004. Black Cottonwood contains a large amount of rooting hormone, just like willows, so it is be useful for plant propagation. Ethnobotanical Application(s): Throughout history, black cottonwood has been valued as a commercially important tree. Occasionally slightly lighter, with a dark brown or purplish hue. Habitat: In Washington state, this tree can be found along wetlands, streambanks, lake shores, and moist woods. Black Cottonwood make millions of seeds, usually in the last week of May and the seeds are dispersed on the winds- casting themselves as far from the mother tree as possible. Black cottonwood’s have a high nitrate uptake making them useful tools for buffering agricultural areas. 1400 Independence Ave., SW Black Cottonwood is the largest hardwood tree in western North America. The name of another New Mexican town, Alamogordo, means “the fat cottonwood tree.”. Vegetative characters are variable even on the same plant. - black cottonwood stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images trichocarpa range map. Pojar, J and MacKinnon, A. Economic uses of the black cottonwood include course lumber and the manufacture of wood products such as paper. This plant has no children Legal Status. US Forest Service, FM-RM-VE During the late spring, seeds are released in the wind with fine hairs. trichocarpa is a large cottonwood tree of the western United States. Paddling into quiet Willamette River off-channel alcoves that are ringed with stately cottonwoods is like entering into an aquatic cathedral with … […] The bark is smooth, greenish when young, becoming gray brown and furrowed with age. The following points should help you to identify a black cottonwood. Genetic variation and productivity of Populus trichocarpa and its hybrids. Black cottonwood. Ethnobotany Inner bark & cambium were eaten Buds used medicinally Habitat Value Nesting habitat for eagles & osprey, which are large birds of prey Sponsors City of Bellingham Washington State Department of Ecology Black Cottonwood. Balsamifera means balsam (aromatic resin)-bearing. ... Populis balsamifera, Black Cottonwood. During spring and summer, the light green leaves of the tall trees often indicate a source of water in the deserts the Great Basin or Modoc Plateau. It grows in my backyard along the Raging River and throughout the Snoqualmie Valley. Trichocarpa means “hairy-fruited,” referring to the cottony fluff that helps disperse the minute seeds for long distances. Brayshaw Black Cottonwood USDA POBAT The more tender inner bark was used for food in the spring and summer, and old dead leaves were boiled and used in baths to treat body aches and stomach problems. trichocarpa (Torr. Conservation: Black cottonwood is a very fast-growing and potentially large tree, easy to establish, and useful for shade and ornament. They inhabit riparian areas, especially along streams. Black cottonwood resin has disinfectant properties and has been used by Coast Salish people for sore throats and coughs as well as being applied directly to wounds to prevent infection. Last measured in April, 2008, this black cottonwood was found to be standing at 155 ft (47 m) tall, 29 ft (8.8 m) around, with 527 points. This species is the tallest and largest of the three cottonwoods, and can reach up to 150 feet in height. Black Cottonwood contains a large amount of rooting hormone, just like willows, so it is useful for plant propagation. I98 1. trichocarpa temporarily flooded forest alliance, Populus balsamifera ssp. Last Saturday JT, Ethnobotany Guide Extraordinaire, lead us, ethnobots, on a foraging walkabout around the Seattle Jackson Place, Judkins Park and International District. Formerly: Populus balsamifera spp. Black Cottonwood. Males are green to red, females are green/pale yellow. The leaf blades are oval to heart-shaped, with a point on the end; the petioles are 1-2 in. Black Cottonwood Tree Identification. HEILMAN,P., AND D. V. PEABODY. ... ETHNOBOTANY. Can be used at a 10 – 25% dilution with other carrier oils such as jojoba or other herbal... Continue Reading The limbs bear alternate leaves which are simple, broadly ovate and 3”-5” long. Bark: Mature bark is brown and rugged and looks similar to Douglas-fir’s bark. long; look for the pair of glands where the petiole joins the blade. Leaves: leathery/waxy dark green upper surface, with a lighter green underside. WSDOT Ethnobotany and Cultural Resources M 3120.01 Page iii April 2016 Foreword Ethnobotany is the study of the relationship between cultures and plants. Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (POBA2) This native tree grows rapidly. Balsam is a term for various plant saps with a pleasing odor. Exact identification of these trees and shrubs is extremely difficult. Vancouver (BC): Lone Pine Publishing. Common names are from state and federal lists. Also like willows, leaf buds contain salicin which is a powerful anti-inflamatory and pain-reducer. Relationships: There are more than 300 species of willow worldwide, mostly in the northern hemisphere. Tolerates moisture. Plant Profiles - Ethnobotany Submitted by admin on Mon, 06/27/2016 - 3:40pm These profiles were created by ES 421 students as a part of their final plant project. Traditional Uses of Cottonwood While most herbalists are using cottonwood buds to relieve inflammation, pain, and as an antimicrobial, there are many additional … black bears in anchorage, alaska. The black cottonwoods are still used commercially for particle board, plywood and veneer. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. A cottonwood in Willamette Mission State Park near Salem, Oregon, holds the national and world records. Populus L. – cottonwood Species: Populus balsamifera L. – balsam poplar Subordinate Taxa ... black cottonwood Legal Status. They are covered in a resinous substance that is perfumed and smells like balsam. Brayshaw – black cottonwood Subordinate Taxa. Effect of harvest cycle and spacing on productivity of black cottonwood in intensive culture. The root systems help stabilize the soil, which is especially important for the restoration and conservation of riparian (river) areas they are commonly found growing in. Both Cottonwood Trees and Willow Trees produce their own rooting hormone, called auxin. Populus is the Latin name for poplar; balsamifera (“balsam-bearing”) refers to the resinous substance in the buds of the tree, thought to resemble balsam. The base of the leaves can be either wedge or heart shaped. Black Cottonwood (nekw’nikw’az) This is our largest native broadleaf tree, growing to heights of 24 to 38 meters. The Spanish name for cottonwoods is “álamo,” leading the conclusion that the proper Spanish name for this tree is “álamo negro.” This name has lent itself to some famous places in America, such as the Alamo in San Antonio, site of a famous battle for Texan independence, as well as Los Alamos, New Mexico, site of American nuclear laboratories. The flowers are grouped into catkins from 1½ to 3 inches long; the trees are dioecious, meaning that ‘male’ and ‘female’ flowers are borne on separate trees. trichocarpa temporarily flooded woodland alliance Calveg: Black cottonwood Holland: North Coast black cottonwood riparian forest, Montane black cottonwood riparian forest Munz Prunus virginiana Chokecherry. Black cottonwoods are very fast growing and are easy to propagate with stem cuttings. Mailstop Code: 1103 Black cottonwood is a large deciduous tree belonging to the willow family (Salicaceae). Small native tree or large shrub growing to 45 ft. tall and 15-25 ft. wide. Medicines and perfumes were made from balsam in Europe, and it plays a role in Christian rituals. Turner, Nancy J., 1973, The Ethnobotany of the Bella Coola Indians of British Columbia, Syesis 6:193-220, page 210 Populus balsamifera ssp. Black cottonwood leaf buds and stems protected by resins which allow for early leaf growth; the resins are also medicine for people (Populus balsamifera ssp. Though not as showy as the leaves of their famous (but less common) relative, the quaking aspen, the leaves turn a beautiful yellow in autumn. Notable feature: The winter buds are yellow-brown and very pointed. Trichocarpa means with hairy fruits, referring to its fluffy seeds. spring. The fluffy seeds can travel 20 miles on a breeze, they can be carried on streams and rivers and rest in a vernal pool. The bark is grey and covered with lenticels, becoming thick and deeply fissured on old trees. The trees are fast-growing taking 30-75 years to reach maturity. The tree develops a straight cylindrical trunk with a narrow crown. “We’re fortunate to have a campus with so many native plants,” says ethnobotany PhD candidate Fiona Hamersley Chambers, pointing to Garry oak and historic camas meadows, Oregon grape, salal, grand fir, Douglas fir, black cottonwood and especially springbank clover—a food that was traditionally cultivated by First Peoples. USDA PLANTS Database. Title: Black Cottonwood - Native Plant Trail Sign Washington DC 20250-1103, Pollinator-Friendly Best Management Practices, Native Plant Material Accomplishment Reports, Fading Gold: The Decline of Aspen in the West, Wildflowers, Part of the Pagentry of Fall Colors, Tall Forb Community of the Intermountain West, Strategic Planning, Budget And Accountability, Recreation, Heritage And Volunteer Resources, Watershed, Fish, Wildlife, Air And Rare Plants. Black Cottonwood Forest – Portland Walking among forests of giant cottonwoods or any gigantic trees is a humbling and profound experience. The aggressive root systems of black cottonwood are effective soil The infused oil smells incredible and is highly beneficial in salves, gels, or massage oils for its anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. Black cottonwood series NVCS (2009) Populus balsamifera ssp. Photo by Linda Swartz. southcentral alaska. Hitchcock and Cronquist describe 38 species in Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest. Names: Black Cottonwood is also known as Balsam Poplar. The balsam used by churches is often derived from another subspecies, P. balsamifera ssp. Both Cottonwood Trees and Willow Trees produce their own rooting hormone, called auxin. Named after 19th century American explorer John C. Fremont, it is similar to the Eastern Cottonwood, differing mainly in the leaves having fewer, larger serrations on the leaf edge and small … Black cottonwoods. 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