The two Balkan wars greatly destabilized Bulgaria, stopping its hitherto steady economic growth, and leaving 58,000 dead and over 100,000 wounded. Phillip created a powerful, professional army which forcibly united the fractious Greek city-states into one empire. The First Macedonian War (215–205 After a relatively long war, Macedonia won out and became the most powerful city state in Greece and was basically the one that controlled everyone else. Questions in other subjects: Biology, 23.07.2019 18:00. The Persian wars have been the subject of a great deal of scholarly endeavour. By 336 B.C., after little more than two decades on the throne, Philip had transformed Macedonia from a struggling backwater into an imperial superpower. Macedonia did expand and conquer parts of Greece like Thessaly, but most of the rest it simply wanted to unite in the Hellenic league to get revenge on Persia for having attacked Greece. The counterpart to this question is 'why was Alexander and his army able to conquer the Achaemenid Empire'- Macedon was a much, much smaller kingdom that was a former client state of the Achaemenids whose history generally consisted of fratricidal warfare, fighting petty local kings technically under their authority, and fighting back various non-Greek polities along their borders. Alexander, born in 356BCE, was the son of Phillip II (382-336BCE), the King of Macedonia in northern Greece. B) a terrible plague had weakened Athens and Sparta. In a span of his reign, which lasted for twelve years, alexander the great had made the biggest empire known as Macedonia that stretched from Greece to the current Pakistan. Athens and Macedonia had previously fought over who would control northern Greece. The kingdom was founded and initially ruled by the royal Argead dynasty, which was followed by the Antipatrid and Antigonid dynasties. He is famous for having created ethnic fusion between the Macedonians and the Persians. In the partition of Alexander’s empire among the Diadochi, Macedon fell to the Antipatrid Dynasty, which was headed by Antipater and his son, Cassander. Macedonia conquered all of Greece. Alexander, then, is seen as one of the greatest conquerors of all time because, in only 13 years as king, he was able to conquer an empire of over 2 million square miles that stretched from Greece, through the Middle East, to Central Asia and the Indian subcontinent. Philip II. Ancient Macedonia … In just a few years, from 334-330 BC, Alexander would conquer the largest empire the world had known and establish his empire that eventually stretched from Greece to India. A Philip grew interested in the Thebans' strength and vowed to conquer them B Philip wished to gain control of the Theban army, know as the ' scared band of 300 Thebans." The Greeks would not be able to conquer an empire without someone to unify them first. Under the reign of Philip II (359–336 BC), the kingdom of Macedonia, initially at the periphery of classical Greek affairs, came to dominate Ancient Greece in the span of just 25 years, largely thanks to the personality and policies of its king. Macedonian Wars, (3rd and 2nd centuries bc), four conflicts between the ancient Roman Republic and the kingdom of Macedonia. (And considered a barbarian by the southern Greek city states). through the reign of several kings. Macedonian dominance of Greece, could have very well collapsed, it not for the succession of Philips' son, Alexander the Great. Macedon, or Macedonia, was the dominant state of Hellenistic Greece. In 336 BC, plans to conquer the Persian Empire came to an abrupt end by the sword of an assassin. Macedonia (/ ˌ m æ s ɪ ˈ d oʊ n i ə / (); Ancient Greek: Μακεδονία), also called Macedon (/ ˈ m æ s ɪ d ɒ n /), was an ancient kingdom on the periphery of Archaic and Classical Greece, and later the dominant state of Hellenistic Greece. He wanted to reorganize Greece, not to destroy it. Why Did The Persian Army Fail To Conquer Mainland Greece in 480 B.C.? Philip II, byname Philip of Macedon, (born 382 bce —died 336, Aegae [now Vergina, Greece]), 18th king of Macedonia (359–336 bce), who restored internal peace to his country and by 339 had gained domination over all of Greece by military and diplomatic means, thus laying the foundations for its expansion under his son Alexander III the Great.. Following Cassander’s death in 297 BCE, Macedon slid into a … After consolidating his power in Macedonia and putting down revolts in Greece, notably at Thebes, he turned his attention to the Persian Empire. Phillipe did not conquer Greece but rather with Alexander were Successful to Unite Greece under one government. After his father assassination Philip II in 336 BC, young Alexander took control of the kingdom his father left. to 323 B.C. Macedonia, a small kingdom in northern Greece, established a growing empire from 359 B.C. Alexander was governed by divine ambition to conquer the world and create a universal world monarchy. The ability of a person to enter a different social class within his or … Macedonia basically did. Persia invaded Greece in 490, leading to the Persians' defeat at Marathon, and in 480 BCE. Likewise, how did Alexander gain control of all of Greece? How was Philip II able to conquer Greece? Philip II, king of Macedonia, conquered Greece • Alexander the Great conquered the Persian Empire and parts of Central Asia. Macedonia was able to take control of all of greece in the 340s BC because.. A) the Persian Empire had soundly defeared Athens and Sparta. They caused increasing involvement by Rome in Greek affairs and helped lead to Roman domination of the entire eastern Mediterranean area. They crushed Athens and her allies at the Battle of Chaeronea. Athens and Sparta formed opposing alliances. Philip used … By 338 BC he had conquered the southern mainland, save Sparta, and was essentially King of all Greece. In the public's mind, few well-known conquerors in history match the exploits of Alexander the Great. For a long time, Greece considered Macedonia a backwater, but the kingdom of Macedonia was eventually able to rise up and conquer Greece, and then much of the known world! The Persian Wars took place between Greece and Persia in the 5th century BCE. Answers. Early life and accession They were successful in Uniting Greece to take on the Persian Empire. As both Phillip II and Alexander called themselves Hellenes and their names and Language and religion was Greek. We find the following references used to describe Macedonia and Greece: "In a speech delivered at Sparta in 210 the Aetolian Claeneas, appealing for Spartan collaboration in the Roman alliance against Macedonia, is said by Polybius (ix, 28, ) to have opened with the truism: C) a long cycle of warfare left all of Greece vulnerable to attact. A. Oligarchs were able to hold a lot of power in government. When Thebes broke their word and left the league their sentence--to be destroyed as affirmed by the Hellenic league. History, 23.07.2019 18:00. A young Philip II spent his early life in Thebes learning how to fight from one … How was he able to turn Macedon into a formidable military and political power? The Spartan army laid siege to the city of Athens. With Alexander the Great, Macedonia would come to conquer many lands and usher in the Hellenistic age in the region. He was the first great conqueror who reached Greece, Egypt, Asia Minor, and Asia. C as a child he lived in … B. It was forced to relinquish most of its territorial acquisitions in Macedonia to Serbia and Greece, Adrianapole to the Ottoman Empire, and the region of Southern Dobruja to Romania. After the battle Chaeronea, Philip pursued a friendly policy. He organized his troops into phalanxes of 16 men across and 16 deep, each one armed with an 18-foot pike. Select all that apply. Remember that the Greek space in the ancient world was bigger than mainland Greece. One particular element of discussion involves the search for the explanation as to how the massive Persian army came to be decisively defeated by a meagre federation of small city-states. In his time, he was able to conquer great Persian Empire and many other empires that were relatively smaller. ...” in History if you're in doubt about the correctness of the answers or there's no answer, then try to use the smart search and find answers to the similar questions. 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